Microsoft

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Apache is the most popular web server but Microsoft’s IIS  is fast gathering  pace. IIS 8  has introduced many popular features to the  Microsoft web server  to bring its competitive level on par with its counterparts. IIS 8 is only present in Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8. Today let’s see how to set up a web server in Windows Server 2012.

Open Server Manager, on the Local server click on “Add Roles and Features”.

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The Add Roles and Features wizard appears. with a default warnings page. Click on “Next”. 

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On the Installation type page, Select “Role based or Feature based selection” and click on “Next”.

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On the Server Selection page, Select the server on which you want to install the web server. Since I have only one server installed, I selected that. Click on Next.

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On the Server Roles page, select the role of “Web Server” and click on “Next”.

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On the Features page, click on “Next” since we don’t need any additional features to be installed for the web server.

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A web Server Role page opens which is somewhat like a summary  page. Click on “Next”.

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A Role Services page opens. Select the services you want to install for your web server. If you are not sure, continue with the default services by clicking on “Next”.

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On the Confirmation page, Click on “Install”.

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The installation will take a few minutes. After the installation is finished, Click on “Close”.

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To check if your web server is successfully installed, open Internet Explorer and type ‘localhost’. If you see the below IIS8 displayed, you have successfully installed a web server on your Windows Server 2012.

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Windows Server 2012 introduced a new configuration option called Minimal Server Interface. Minimal Server Interface is in simple words compromise between Server GUI Full Installation and Server Core installation. Minimal Server Interface installation reduces footprint of the server to some extent thus decreasing security hazards. In the same time it increases deployment scenarios.

Following tools are installed in Minimal Server Interface.

  • Server Manager
  • MMC
  • Some Control Panel Applets

The items which are not installed during Minimal Server Interface are

  • Start Screen
  • Desktop
  • Windows Explorer
  • Internet Explorer

Let’s see how to convert Server GUI full installation to Minimal Server Interface in Windows server 2012. If you want to convert Server GUI full  installation to Server Core installation, read here.

Login as Administrator. Open  “Powershell”. Type the command

“Uninstall-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Shell -remove” and Press “Enter”.

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After collecting some data, the system will start removing the Server-Gui-Shell.

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After the removal of Server-gui-shell is finished, the system will ask us to restart the system.

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Restart the system by typing “shutdown -r -t 0″. The system will reboot to Minimal server Interface which will look like below.

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