Windows XP

All posts tagged Windows XP

I am self learning for CCNA. A few months back, I got a thought if we can simulate routers in Vmware Workstation. While I was searching for it I found a different solution, GNS3. After simulating routers in GNS3 and practising CLI interface, I had another idea if we can simulate CISCO Graphical User Interface on our PC. This article is  result of that.

In this article, we are not only going to see how to connect Vmware and GNS3 but also see how to simulate CISCO Graphical user Interface (GUI). For this I use,

1. Vmware Workstation 9.

2. Windows XP as Guest OS.

3. Cisco Security Device Manager v25.

4. GNS3.

5.  C7200 Router Image.

Open Vmware Workstation. On the menu Select “Edit>Virtual Network Editor”. On the Virtal network editor, click on “Vmnet1″ network. It is a default Host-only type network adapter of Vmware. Observe its settings. Enable DHCP server.

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Install Windows XP as a guest. On its virtual machine settings, change the network adapter to “Vmnet1″.

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Power on the machine. Install Cisco SDM ( I leave the getting Cisco SDM part to you ). Open CMD and type “ipconfig” to see its IP address. Take note of this.

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Open GNS3. Click on “Browse all devices”.

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Select Router “c7200″ and drag it to the workspace. Do the same with “Cloud”.

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Close the All Devices tab. Right click on the Cloud.  Select “Configure”, a ‘node configurator’ window will open. On this window, click on “C1″.

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On the NIO Ethernet tab, in the “Generic Ethernet NIO tab” dropdown menu, select our network adapter (Vmnet1) from the dropdown menu and click on “Add”. Click on “OK” to close the window.

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Right click on the router. Select “Configure”, click on “R1″. Select slots tab. In the Slot 1 dropdown menu, select “PA-4E”. Click on Apply an close the window. The selection PA-4E creates four Ethernet ports on the router. Right click on the router and start the router.

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Add a link from “cloud( Vmnet1)” adapter to the “e1/0″ port on the router.

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Hover your mouse over the router. We can see all the ports.

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Similarly hover your mouse over the cloud to see its connections.

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Right click on the router and select “Console”. In the global configuration mode, type the following commands.

ip http server”

ip http secure-server”

These commands set up http and https servers respectively which are needed for Cisco SDM.

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Type the command “interface Ethernet 1/0″. We are entering into specific configuration mode of our connected interface. Type the command “ip address 192.168.10.3 255.255.255.0″. This sets the interface IP address and subnet mask. Make sure the router IP address is in the same subnet as that of our guest OS in Vmware workstation. Type “no shut” and exit to the privileged mode.

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Let’s ping our guest from the router. to ensure that we are connected to Vmware Guest.

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Since success rate is 100%  we have successfully connected Vmware and GNS3. Now let’s do the Cisco SDM part. On our Guest machine click on Cisco SDM. A SDM launcher window will open. Type the IP address of the router and click on Launch.

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Internet Explorer will open as below. Make sure Internet Explorer is configured to allow pop ups and to allow Activex to run from the computer.

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After some time the following popup will open. Don’t close it.

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Then we might see a certificate warning. Click on Yes.

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After some processing, Cisco SDM will open.

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We have successfully simulated Cisco GUI on our PC. Happy practice friends.

Virtual penetration testing lab is a lab created on a single system using any virtualization software. It can be very helpful for people practising for CEH or similar certification. Any penetration testing lab has two machines, attacker and victim. In this lab we will set up Kali Linux as the attacker and Windows XP( most favourite victim machine ) as the victim. I am going to set up this lab in Vmware Workstation 9. Hope this will be helpful.

First of all install Kali Linux and Windows XP in Vmware Workstation.

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Shut them down. In the Vmware Workstation menu, Select Edit” and click on Virtual Network editor.

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The window below will open showing the virtual network adapters. Click on “Add network”.

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Vmware provides nine virtual networks from 0 to 9. Vmnet0, Vmnet1 and Vmnet8 are automatically assigned for  bridged, Host-only and NAT types of network respectively. Select the network “Vmnet3″.

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We can see that our network is added as Host-Type with a automatically assigned subnet IP.

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Click on our network. We can see its settings below.

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Deselect the option ‘Connect a host virtual adapter to the network‘.This will make our network a custom type. Change the subnet IP to 10.10.10.0( choice is yours).  Select the ‘Use local DHCP service to distribute IP address to VMs‘ option. This will automatically assign IP addresses to our machines. Click on ‘DHCP settings‘.

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You will see the below window. Make changes if you like. I am going to leave it default. Click OK twice to exit.

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We have successfully created our custom network. Now let’s add our machines to the network. Open the tab of Kali Linux and click on ‘network adapter‘ setting.

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In the settings, select the ‘custom radio button and select the network Vmnet3 from the dropdown menu. Click on OK.

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Do the same for Windows XP. Then let’s boot up our victim machine and check it’s IP address by typing ‘ipconfig‘ in the command line.The DHCP server has automatically assigned it the IP address 10.10.10.129.

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Boot the attacker machine and check it’s ip address by typing ‘ifconfig’ in the terminal. It has been assigned the address 10.10.10.128.

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Ping the victim IP machine (10.10.10.129) to see whether the two machines can communicate.

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We have successfully created a virtual penetration testing lab. Happy testing.

Hi everybody, today I’m gonna show you remote password cracking with Brutus. For the newbies, script kiddie is a person with little knowledge  of hacking or any programming languages and instead searches for automatic tools to hack the computers. In this scenario, script kiddie is using a Windows XP machine and two tools Zenmap and Brutus avilable for free to download. As you will see, Zenmap is used for scanning for any open ports of  live machines and Brutus is a password cracker.



Imagine I am the script kiddie, I  first find out my own computer’s  ip address by typing the command “ipconfig” in the command line.

The ip address of my system happens to be 10.10.10.1. I decide to scan the following range of ip addresses to look for any live hosts. In the target option, I specify ip address as 10.10.10.2-10 and I choose profile as intense scan to get maximum information about the target. After performing the scan, the results show that only one system 10.10.10.3 is alive.

The scan  also shows that the victim machine which is live  is running a ftp server and its operating system is Windows XP.

I decide to use Brutus to crack the remote FTP password. Brutus has both dictionary and bruteforce attack options. I decide to choose dictionary attack since it is faster than bruteforcing. Brutus comes with a built in username(users.txt) and password list(pass.txt).As the victim machine is running Windows xp which comes with a default administrator account, I decide to  add “administrator” to the users.txt file.

I choose type as FTP since I am about  to crack a FTP server.

Then I select the file pass.txt containing some common passwords and just hope to crack the password.

Then after starting the cracker, Brutus runs and gives one positive authentication result.

Username : administrator

Password: 123456

Then I try to log into the FTP server of the remote machine using cmd with the authentication result achieved above.

I successfully logged into the FTP server.Once I am into the remote machine I try some ftp commands but before that I change my local directory to Desktop.

Then I use DIR command to list the directories in the FTP server.

There are four directories in the FTP server:Detroit,Images,lena and users. I  go to the users directory using command cd users and then list the files in the directory by using command ls. There is one text file named users.txt in the directory.

I decide to download the file users.txt to my machine using the command get users.txt. Since I had set my local directory to desktop it will be downloaded to desktop.

Let’s see the contents of the users.txt file just downloaded. It contains some usernames and passwords.

In the same way, I enter into another directory of interest to me “Images” and download the only image present in it to my desktop.

In this way, I can download any number of files from the remote server to my local machine. That’s all for now.